• Canary


Scientific name
Serinus canaria (Linnaeus, 1758)

Taxonomic Status
Endemic Species to Macaronesia

Red Data Book Status
Least Concern

    • Available tours to watch this bird 

Birding Full Day Trip | Desertas Island Expedition | Birding Introduction Trip

  • Identification

The male underparts are greenish-yellow on the chin, throat and breast. The upperparts are grey with moderately dark streaking. The beak is pinkish and the legs and feet are light brow. The female is very similar, but has more grey on the face and in the upperparts.  

  • Voice

A melodious call similar to juit- tvi-vi-vii-vi – tiuu.

  • Ecology

Gregarious species, that uses to form large flocks. The diet of this specie is mainly herbivorous but especially during the breeding season also includes insects. The nest is built on shrubs and trees consisting in a cup made with grasses, and moss lined with feathers. The female lay between 3 to 4 eggs and the chicks fledge with approximately 16 days.

  • Distribution

The Canary is endemic specie of Macaronesia, which occurs in the archipelagos of Azores, Canaries and Madeira. In the archipelago of Madeira is present in all the islands with the exception of the Selvagens. 




That the Canary was introduced in Hawaiian islands in 1911  


  • Canary Sightings


March 2012 - Madeira Island © Birds & Company


March 2012 - Madeira Island © Birds & Company


April 2013 - Madeira Island © Birds & Company

  • Literature

[1] Equipa Atlas 2008. Atlas das Aves Nidificantes em Portugal (1999-2005). Instituto da Conservação da Natureza e da Biodiversidade, Sociedade Portuguesa para o Estudo das Aves, Parque Natural da Madeira e Secretaria Regional do Ambiente e do Mar. Assírio & Alvim. Lisboa.   

[2] Mullarney, Killian; Svensson, Lars; Zetterstrom, Dan; Grant, Peter (1999). Collins Bird Guide. London: Collins. 

[3] Voigt, C., Leitner, S. and Gahr, M. (2003) Mate fidelity in a population of island canaries (Serinus canaria) in the Madeiran Archipelago. Journal of Ornithology, 144: 86-92.



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