Gallinula chloropus (Linnaeus, 1758)
Red Data Book Status
It is easy to identify this specie due to its vivid red shield and short, yellow bill which contrast with the dark plumage. The legs are bright yellow-green, and a white line along the side of the body and at the sides on the undertail coverts.
The sound is a fast “Kreck-Kreck-Kreck”
The nest is made of twigs, cattail and bulrush stems and grass and is lined with leaves and other plants. They lay a clutch between 3 to 7 eggs. Their diet includes seeds and other materials from plants on the surface but it can also dives to collect seeds, leaves and roots.
In the Madeira archipelago it’s only found on the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo. Its preferential habitat is ponds and lakes with dense vegetation on the shores, but it may occasionally occur at the river mouth of some rivers.
The first breeding record for Madeira and Porto Santo was in 2002.
October 2013, Tanque - Porto Santo Island © Birds & Company
April 2011, Tanque - Porto Santo Island © Roberto Moritz
 Fagundes, Ana I. C; Nunes, João. 2003. "First Records of Breeding Moorhen Gallinula chloropus (Aves: Rallidae) in Madeira and Porto Santo", Bocagiana , 211: 1 - 4.
 Mullarney, Killian; Svensson, Lars; Zetterstrom, Dan; Grant, Peter (1999). Collins Bird Guide. London: Collins.
 Oliveira, P & Menezes, D. (2004) Aves do Arquipélago da Madeira. Serviço do Parque Natural da Madeira. Funchal.
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