Falco tinnunculus canariensis (Koeing, 1889)
Endemic Subspecies of Macaronesia
Red Data Book Status
Kestrel is medium-small size hawk, and the plumage ranges between grey to brown. The specie presents sexual dimorphism, in males the rump and tail are bluish grey and unbarred, while in females its brownish-red with dark barring. Another distinctive characteristic is the head that in males is grey and in the females brown.
A high-pitched 'kee-kee-kee”
This bird nests in small ledges on ravines, trees and buildings. Normally they lay a clutch of 3 to 7 eggs that hatch between 26 to 34 days.
The kestrel is a diurnal hunter that spends great part of their time perching and resting while the time that they normally spend in flight is when hunting or during courtship.
Their diet is composed by small mammals such as rats and mice.However they also feed on amphibians and reptiles.
In the Madeira archipelago it’s only found on the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo. Until 1996 it was breeding specie on the Desertas Islands and there are some records on the Selvagens. The canariensis subspecies is restricted to the archipelagos of Canaries and Madeira.
The average lifespan of this specie is around 16 years.
May 2010, Funchal - Madeira Island © Birds & Company
September 2013, Ponta São Lourenço - Madeira Island © Birds & Company
February 2013, Funchal - Madeira Island © Roberto Moritz
 Fagundes, A.I., Nunes, J. & Ferreira, J. (2007) Atlas das Aves Nidificantes do Parque Ecológico do Funchal. Município do Funchal. Funchal
 Ferguson-Lees, J., D. Christie. 2001. Raptors of the World. Boston: Houghton Mifflin.
 Mullarney, Killian; Svensson, Lars; Zetterstrom, Dan; Grant, Peter (1999). Collins Bird Guide. London: Collins.
 Oliveira, P & Menezes, D. (2004) Aves do Arquipélago da Madeira. Serviço do Parque Natural da Madeira. Funchal.
Nº Identified Bird Species: 10
Locations: Lugar de Baixo, Ribeira de Machio, Pico do Areeiro, Ribeiro FrioRead more...
Nº Identified Bird Species: 12
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