Puffinus baroli (Bonaparte, 1857)
Endemic Species of Macaronesia
Red Data Book Status
Small shearwater, very similar to Manx but can be distinguished by the smaller size and the white face. Other features that distinguish the species are the shorter rounded wings, silvery panel in the upperwings and the blue feet. The flight is faster with quicker wingbeats and glides are often shorter.
The vocal activity of this species can be heard especially in dark nights. The call is a rhythmic series of rapidly repeated kakakakakakak-urrr. (listen to the Macaronesian Shearwater calls)
The breeding season is between January and May and nests colonially under rocks, crevices or rocky slopes near the ocean. In the Selvagens islands it seems that the population has a fairly sedentary behavior since they visit the colony all year round. The diet of this species consists mainly in squid, fish and crustaceans.
The Macaronesian Shearwater breeds in the archipelagos of Azores, Canaries and Madeira. In the archipelago of Madeira occurs in all islands of the archipelago, but is on the Selvagens that we can find the biggest colony with about 1400 breeding pairs.
In 2012 during a study of breeding ecology and radio-tracking with this species in Selvagens it was recaptured a bird that was ringed in 1993. This bird has more than 19 years!
 Airam Rodríguez, David P. Padilla. 2006. FIRST BREEDING RECORD OF MACARONESIAN SHEARWATER PUFFINUS BAROLI BAROLI IN EL HIERRO (CANARY ISLANDS). Alauda Vol. 74 (4): 449-450.
 AIRAM RODRÍGUEZ, BENEHARO RODRÍGUEZ & MATTHEW P. LUCAS. 2011. Trends in numbers of petrels attracted to artificial lights suggest population declines in Tenerife, Canary Islands. Ibis
 Groz, M. P., Monteiro, L. R., Pereira, J. C., Silva, A. G., & Ramos, J. A. (2005). Conservation of Puffinus species in the Azores. Airo 15: 11-17
 Verónica C. Neves, Joël Bried, Jacob González-Solís, José L. Roscales, Malcolm R. Clarke. 2012. Feeding ecology and movements of the Barolo shearwaterPuffinus baroli baroli in the Azores, NE Atlantic. Marine Ecology Progress SeriesVol. 452: 269–285.
Nº Identified Bird Species: 10
Locations: Lugar de Baixo, Ribeira de Machio, Pico do Areeiro, Ribeiro FrioRead more...
Nº Identified Bird Species: 12
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