• Quail


Scientific name
Coturnix coturnix confisa (Hartert, 1917)

Taxonomic Status
Endemic Subspecies of Macaronesia 

Red Data Book Status
Least Concern

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  • Identification

A small gamebird, with brown upperparts dark marks. The underparts are paler and mottled on flanks. The male has black throat while in the female is pale white. This bird is rarely seen it is more common to hear their distinctive calls.      

  • Voice

A sound similar to a “whit-whit'tit." 

  • Ecology

Common quail is a terrestrial species witch habitat is in general grasslands. They construct their nests on the ground mainly in grass areas. They lay between 8 and 13 eggs of pure white per clutch. Their diet includes seeds, cereal, small insects and their larvae. 

  • Distribution

In the archipelago of Madeira breeds in Madeira and Porto Santo Island. Recently it is also confirmed breeding on Desertas islands. The confisa subspecies is restricted to the archipelagos of Madeira and Canaries. 


That a quail with no more than two months old have been record in the northern Africa.


  • Quail Sightings



  • Literature

[1] Fagundes, A.I., Nunes, J. & Ferreira, J. (2007) Atlas das Aves Nidificantes do Parque Ecológico do Funchal. Município do Funchal. Funchal

[2] Freitas, S. (2003) Actividade Cinegética – Ferramenta de Gestão e Conservação das Espécies Cinegéticas in Comemorações dos 50 anos de Actividade Florestal. Governo Regional da Madeira. Funchal.   

[3] Hagemeijer, E. J. M. and Blair, M. J. (Editors). (1997) The EBCC Atlas of European Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T & A D Poyser, London.

[4] Mullarney, Killian; Svensson, Lars; Zetterstrom, Dan; Grant, Peter (1999). Collins Bird Guide. London: Collins. 

[5] Oliveira, P & Menezes, D. (2004) Aves do Arquipélago da Madeira. Serviço do Parque Natural da Madeira. Funchal.



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