Alectoris rufa hispanica (Seoane, 1891)
Red Data Book Status
The plumage of this species is light brown on the back, the face is white with a black gorget. The throat is fringed white black, and it has rufous-streaked flanks with red beak and red legs. The juveniles are brownish.
A sound is a raucous Chakk-chek-chakk-cheh-ka-kuu-kaa.
The Partridge nests are made on the ground and are lined with plant material. One interesting fact is that this species may build two nests, lay a clutch in each and then the male and female take care of each brood simultaneously and independently. Their diet includes roots, seeds, grasses, cereals and weeds, and occasionally insects especially when feeding chicks.
The hispanica subspecies occurs in Northern and North-western Spain, Northern and Central Portugal and the island of Madeira. The species was introduced in Madeira probably with birds from Northern Portugal. In the archipelago of Madeira only occurs on the islands of Madeira and Porto Santo.
That this species was introduced before 1450 in Madeira Island.
March 2014, Arieiro Peak - Madeira Island © Birds & Company
2014, Arieiro Peak - Madeira Island © Alicia Pastor
 Fagundes, A.I., Nunes, J. & Ferreira, J. (2007) Atlas das Aves Nidificantes do Parque Ecológico do Funchal. Município do Funchal. Funchal
 Freitas, S. (2003) Actividade Cinegética – Ferramenta de Gestão e Conservação das Espécies Cinegéticas in Comemorações dos 50 anos de Actividade Florestal. Governo Regional da Madeira. Funchal.
 Hagemeijer, E. J. M. and Blair, M. J. (Editors). (1997) The EBCC Atlas of European Birds: Their Distribution and Abundance. T & A D Poyser, London.
 Mullarney, Killian; Svensson, Lars; Zetterstrom, Dan; Grant, Peter (1999). Collins Bird Guide. London: Collins.
 Oliveira, P & Menezes, D. (2004) Aves do Arquipélago da Madeira. Serviço do Parque Natural da Madeira. Funchal.
Nº Identified Bird Species: 10
Locations: Lugar de Baixo, Ribeira de Machio, Pico do Areeiro, Ribeiro FrioRead more...
Nº Identified Bird Species: 12
Locations: Lugar de Baixo, Ribeira da Janela, São Vicente, Ribeira de Machico, Ponta do SolRead more...